2 SAMUEL 23-24 David and Jesus
Throughout the lecture I will attempt to point out some of the many qualities of King David as they appear as a foreshadowing of Christ.
• David Last Song
• Last Temptation
• Sacrifice Offering Himself for his people
We all need to be more like Jesus.
David Last Song
2 Samuel 23: 1-7 The last words of David were spoken to him by the Spirit of the LORD. His praise acknowledges that God is the Rock of Israel, and those He calls to lead must be just, ruling in the fear of the LORD.
• David was a shepherd boy when Samuel anointed him King
• Psalm 23 David writes the LORD is my Shepherd,( notice in the picture) “Thy rod and they staff they comfort me.”
As a shepherd we must lead our sheep, not herd them like cattle.
I apologize ladies if I sometimes I have been so eager to obey the rules that I have not had the mercy and comforting spirit of a Shepherd.
John 10: 14 “I am the good shepherd; I know my sheep and my sheep know me— 15 just as the Father knows me and I know the Father—and I lay down my life for the sheep.
I covenant with you to more like Jesus and follow His example of a Good Shepherd.
MAN OF SORROW
Verse 5 In his oracle David admits that his house is not right with God.
What a tragedy to be chased from the Jerusalem he loved by his favored son, Absalom.
• Earlier exiled by Saul, David hid in caves in the Kidron valley. The name "Kidron" means "murky, dark,"
• David was a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief, suffering chiefly from those of His own household.
• "Gethsemane" where Jesus prayed fervently to His Father means "oil press"
Matt. 26:38 Jesus says, "My soul is exceedingly sorrowful, even unto death . . . ."
Though David sometimes failed in his personal life, as we all do, he never failed in his relationship with GOD Almighty. He was a true servant, and was obedient to God’s discipline.
• After being anointed King, still worked as a shepherd, soldier, harpest
• Often called the Song of the Cross Psalm 22:6 David, though a king, still looked upon himself as… a worm and not a man, scorned by men and despised by the people.
• Many times we see David on his face before God, repentant and covered in ashes,
• Fleeing from Jerusalem he is weary and worn, barefoot with his head covered
• Even when God denied him the honor of building God’s house, David gathered the materials to prepare for the construction of Temple by his son Solomon.
v.5 David had confidence in the everlasting covenant that God had made with him. He had satisfaction in his heart, for he says- this is all my salvation, and all my desire.
Your house and your kingdom will endure forever before me; your throne will be established forever.’” 2 Samuel 7:16
Jesus Christ is our perfect example of humility and servitude.
6 Who, being in very nature God, did not consider equality with God something to be grasped, 7 but made himself nothing, taking the very nature of a servant, being made in human likeness. 8 And being found in appearance as a man, he humbled himself and became obedient to death— even death on a cross!
Let us strive to humbly serve and live to be more like Jesus.
BETRAYED AND REJECTED
King David left Jerusalem and fled from his son Absalom. Both David and Jesus were throneless kings, accompanied by their closest friends yet rejected by their own people.
Prov. 18:2 says, ". . . there is a friend who sticks closer than a brother
Ch. 24 Tells us David has his INNER CIRCLE 2 sets of three mighty men and the 30 chief men. Joab name is conspicuously missing in this list?
Jesus had his inner circle Peter, James and John and 12 Disciples
Matt 17:1 Jesus took with him Peter, James and John the brother of James, and led them up a high mountain by themselves. 2 There he was transfigured before them.
Mark 14:32 They went to a place called Gethsemane, and Jesus said to his disciples, “Sit here while I pray.” 33 He took Peter, James and John along with him, and he began to be deeply distressed and troubled. 34 “My soul is overwhelmed with sorrow to the point of death,” he said to them. “Stay here and keep watch.”
Betrayed by Judas for 30 silver coins, even the "inner circle" denied him at his trial.
Only John was present at the foot of the cross.
MAN OF PRAYER
• 2 Samuel 7 After Nathan explains that David a man of war would not build a house for the LORD David went and sat before the LORD and prayed
• 2 Samuel 15 David prayed, turn Ahithophel’s counsel into foolishness.”
• Many of the psalms were prayers “ O LORD, hear my prayer, listen to my cry for mercy” PSALMS 4, 17, 55, 61, 72, 86, 142, 143
• Ch. 24 and 1 Chronicles 21 David prays to take the plague on himself.
17 David said to God, “Was it not I who ordered the fighting men to be counted? I am the one who has sinned and done wrong. These are but sheep. What have they done? O LORD my God, let your hand fall upon me and my family, but do not let this plague remain on your people.”
JESUS is our model for prayer-
• Prayed early in the morning in solitude
• Before breaking bread to feed 5000, at Passover meal, with men on road Emmaus
• On mount of transfiguration
• On the Mount of Olives
• Jesus prayed for His disciples and for all believers
• He prayed in praise to God, the Father and prayers of thanksgiving
• Jesus prayed in a posture and with an attitude of reverent submission
• Jesus prayed in times of anguish, in Gesemane, from the Cross
James 5:16 The prayer of a righteous man is powerful and effective
Let us learn to pray in praise and thanksgiving as Jesus did.
2 Samuel 24 Once again God proves David’s humanity by testing him. 1 Chronicles tells us that Satan provoked this census. But we know Satan is not in control, sometimes God uses Satan to do his bidding.
When tempted, no one should say, “God is tempting me.” For God cannot be tempted by evil, nor does he tempt anyone; but each one is tempted, by his own evil desire,
The fact that David numbers the fighting men is not the main thing to focus on but the reason. Was David's purpose for numbering the men of war that he might delight or glory in Israel's own number of fighting men? Had David failed to trust in the Lord and forgotten that God alone was their strength.
The LORD is my rock, my fortress and my deliverer;
my God is my rock, in whom I take refuge.
He is my shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold.
Even Joab knew this and tried to warn David. You will notice Joab did not number the tribe of Benjamin, maybe in response to David’s pride.
Let us depend upon God and glory in His power. Praise Him for the work of His hands, not anything that we have done.
LORD let us be like Jesus, tempted yet he did not sin.
• Ch.25 3 days of pestilence 17 When David saw the angel who was striking down the people, he said to the LORD, “I am the one who has sinned and done wrong. These are but sheep. What have they done? Let your hand fall upon me and my family.”
• Jesus Christ did for us what David did for Israel: offering himself in our place, fighting the battle for us and giving us the victory.
Ch. 24:18-25 On that day Gad went to David and said to him, “Go up and build an altar to the LORD on the threshing floor of A rau nah the Jebusite.”
Araunah offers everything to the King- oxen for the burnt offering, threshing sledges and ox yokes for the wood.
24 I insist on paying you for it. I will not sacrifice to the LORD my God burnt offerings that cost me nothing.”
Matthew Henry says Burnt-offerings to the glory of God's justice; peace-offerings to the glory of his mercy.
Some people make their sacrifice to God cheap and easy for themselves, and are best pleased with what costs them the least aggravation or money. Ladies all that we have and own belongs to God. Let us offer Him a broken and contrite heart.
Christ is our altar, our sacrifice; in him alone we may expect to find favor with God.
• David was merciful to Saul, refusing to seek vengeance at least twice.
• He made a covenant with Jonathan and Saul to grant mercy to their family. Mephibosheth ate at David’s table the rest of his days.
• Allowed Absalom to return home, granted amnesty to
Luke 23:34 Jesus said, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do.
1Peter13 Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! In his great mercy he has given us new birth into a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead.
LORD help us to be merciful to each other as Jesus did.
• David was the eighth and youngest son of Jesse from the kingly tribe of Judah.
• Direct descendent of Ruth the Moabite.
• Born in Bethlehem, He is called Israel greatest King for 40 years
• David foreshadows Christ is in his role as king.
Luke 1:32 He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David, And He shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of His kingdom there shall be no end
WARRIOR KING Revelation 19:11
In the story of David and Goliath, David fights as the representative of his people-he fights for them – in their place – and wins the victory for them. Goliath is the enemy of God's people, and type of Satan foreshadowing the conflict between the Serpent and the woman's Seed.
Christ’s death wins the victory for His children and delivers all believers from the penalty of sin and death. Christ will return one day soon as a WARRIOR KING.
REVELATION 19: 11 I saw heaven standing open and there before me was a white horse, whose rider is called Faithful and True. With justice he judges and makes war. 12 His eyes are like blazing fire, and on his head are many crowns. He has a name written on him that no one knows but he himself. 13 He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood, and his name is the Word of God. 14 The armies of heaven were following him, riding on white horses and dressed in fine linen, white and clean. 15 Out of his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations. “He will rule them with an iron scepter.”[a] He treads the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God Almighty. 16 On his robe and on his thigh he has this name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.
Ladies I don’t want to leave here tonight without giving you the opportunity to come to the altar.
Will you choose be more like Jesus and declare him KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS?